Slovenia is bordered by Austria to the north and Hungary to the far northeast; Italy to the southeast; Croatia to the east, southeast, and southern ends of the country.
The Alpine region of Slovenia makes up for close to 20% of its surface area, bordering with Italy and Austria in the North and Northeast, which include the High Alps and the Julian Alps where the country's highest peak, Mount Triglav (2864 metres resides).
In the shadows of Triglav lie idyllic Lake Bohinj and Lake Bled, whereas below the High Alps is the subalpine “ridge-and-valley” terrain called the Pohorje, located south of the Drava River.
The historical name for the central Alpine lands is Gorenjska (Upper Carniola), a name that Slovenes still use. Slovenes refer to the Mea and Mislinja river valleys as Koroška (Carinthia). On Gorenjska’s southern edge is the spacious Ljubljana basin, which contains the capital as well as the industrial city of Kranj.